If you answer yes to the following questions, your city may be at risk:
Does your jurisdiction elect officials “at-large” or “from districts”?
Do a significant number of “protected class” people (usually Latinos, African-Americans, Asian-Americans, or Native Americans) live in the jurisdiction?
Have there been few minority candidates who run for office?
If “protected class” candidates have run, did they lose when they ran against non-“protected class” candidates?
Note: A jurisdiction may still be vulnerable even if minority-preferred candidates have been elected under your at-large system.
California law goes well beyond federal law on voting rights issues and results in an expanded number of jurisdictions vulnerable to lawsuits and potentially in violation.